Algebra II: Multiply and divide the complex numbers
This is a free lesson from our course in Algebra II
 
   
In this lesson you'll learn how to multiply or divide the complex numbers. It is noted that the commutative, associative and distributive properties are used for working the product or multiplying the two complex numbers, together with
i = -1. E.g. The two complex numbers z1 = a1 + ib1 and z2 = a2 + ib2   when multiplied yield:
      z1z2 = (a1a2 - b1b2) + i(a1b2 - a2b1).
E.g. if z1 = 4 + 7i and z2 = 6 + 9i, then z1z2 = (4 + 7i)(6 + 9i) = -39 +78i. (More text below video...)
<h2> Multiply and divide the complex numbers - Watch video (Algebra II)</h2> <p> video, AlgebraII, practice questions, quizzes, subject, math help, complex numbers, multiply complex numbers, divide complex numbers, commutative property, distributive property, associative property, rationalize the denominator, example.</p> <p> When dividing two complex numbers you will follow basically the steps explained for rationalizing the denominator of a rational expression, as the fractions cannot have imaginary numbers in their denominator.</p>
Other useful lessons:
Imaginary Unit
Plotting complex numbers on a 2D plane
Adding and Subtracting Complex Numbers
Classification of roots using the discriminant
Solving quadratic equation with imaginary roots
(Continued from above) Remember:
the product of two complex numbers is a complex number.
the product of a complex number and its conjugate is a real number, and is always positive.
Division is slightly trickier, because you want answer to have the form a + bi and not that of a ratio of such things (though a and b can be ratios).To get this you use the wonderful fact that any complex number multiplied by its complex conjugate (what you get by reversing the sign of its b) is a real number. You will follow basically the steps explained for rationalizing the denominator of a rational expression, as the fractions cannot have imaginary numbers in their denominator. Division is as follows:
     z1 z2 = (a1a2 + b1b2)/ (a22 + b22) + i(-a1b2 + b2a1) /(a22 + b22)
For example, (3 + i)/(2 + 3i) = (9 7i)/13.
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