Geometry: Pythagorean Theorem Converse
This is a free lesson from our course in Geometry
 
   
This lesson explains the concepts of Pythagorean Theorem Converse and how to prove converse of the Pythagorean Theorem geometrically. It is such designed to enable you to do home work and to solve problems involving right triangles. You may recall from earlier learning that the formula for the Pythagorean Theorem is a2 + b2 = c2 and it can also be used to check whether a given triangle is an acute angle triangle, a right angle triangle or an obtuse angle triangle. The presentation covering such content will be done by the instructor in own handwriting, using video and with the help of several examples with solution. This will help you understand important geometric relationships to solve problems from day to day life situations based on the above concepts, and how to make use of them.
<h2> Pythagorean Theorem Converse - Watch video</h2> <p> converse, pythagorean theorem, video, pythagorean theorem converse, geometry, example, triangle, converse of pythagorean theorem, solution, right triangle, geometry help, practice questions, quizzes</p> <p> The Pythagorean Theorem Converse states that if the square of the longest side of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, then the triangle is a right triangle</p>
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(Continued from above) The Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem
For any three positive numbers a, b, and c such that a2 + b2 = c2, there exists a triangle with sides a, b and c, and every such triangle has a right angle between the sides of  lengths a and b.
Theorem
If the square of the length of one side of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides, then the triangle is a right triangle.
Given ABC with AB = c, BC = a, CA = b, and c2 = a2 + b2

Prove ABC is a right triangle with C the right angle.
Proof  Draw DEF with EF = a, FD = b, and F a right angle. 
=> DE2 = a2 + b2, DE2 = c2 and DE = c 
=> ABC DEF (by SSS) 
=> C F 
=> C is a right angle. 
=> ABC is a right triangle.
Triangle ABC is a Right Triangle with angle C the Right Angle.
Another Theorem
A triangle is a right triangle if and only if the square of the length of the longest side is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides.
A corollary of the Pythagorean Theorem’s converse is a simple means of determining whether a triangle is right, obtuse, or acute, where c is chosen to be the longest of the three sides.
The Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem: as seen above, and the Pythagorean Theorem can be used to check whether a given triangle is an acute angle triangle, a right angle triangle or an obtuse angle triangle.
Pythagorean Theorem can be used to check whether a given triangle is an acute angle triangle, a right angle triangle or an obtuse angle triangle
For a triangle with sides a, b and c and c is the longest side then:
• If c2 < a2 + b2, it is an acute-angle triangle, i.e. the angle facing side c is an acute angle.
• If c2 = a2 + b2, it is a right-angle triangle, i.e. the angle facing side c is a right angle.
• If c2 > a2 + b2, it is an obtuse-angle triangle, i.e. the angle facing side c is an obtuse angle.

Further on you’ll look into some illustrative examples with solution:
Example 1: Given- find out whether a triangle with sides 4 cm, 6 cm and 8 cm is an acute-angled, right-angled or obtuse-angled triangle.
Step 1: First choose the two shorter sides, say a and b and the longest side to be c.
Step 2: a = 4, b = 6 and c = 8 (given)
Step 3: a2 + b2 = 42 + 62 = 16 + 36 = 52, and c2 = 82 = 64
Step 4: 64 > 52, the pattern being -> c2 > a2 + b2
Therefore, it is an obtuse-angle triangle.
The triangle is an obtuse-angle triangle, as the final answer.
Example 2: Given- can a triangle have more than one obtuse angle?
You know that an obtuse triangle has one obtuse angle i.e. it will be exceeding 90 and the longest side is opposite to the obtuse angle. In the obtuse triangle shown below, is the obtuse angle.
Step 1: Say the angles of the triangle ABC will be a, b and c. Angle a i.e. be the obtuse angle.
Step 2: The sum of three angles in a triangle is 180 i.e. + b + c = 180.
Step 3: Since is > 90, then b + c must be less than 90.When the sum of angle b and c, is less that 90, obviously each one i.e. b and c shall be less than 90 Therefore, b and c must be acute angles.
Conclusion: No, a triangle can have only one obtuse angle, as the final answer. 
can a Triangle have more than one obtuse angle
Example 3: Given- find out whether a triangle with side lengths of 10 cm, 12 cm and 15 cm is an acute-angle, right-angle or obtuse-angle triangle. Say the triangle is with sides a, b and c. Out of this c is the longest side.
Step 1: In the given dimensions, assume a = 10, b = 12 and c = 15 cm
Step 2: a2 + b2 = 102 + 122 = 100 + 144 = 244
Step 3: Given, c = 15 i.e. c2 = 152 = 225
Step 4: 225< 244 i.e. -> c2 < a2 + b2, and so the triangle is an acute-angle triangle.
The triangle is an acute angle triangle, as the final answer.
Example 4: Given- Determine whether a triangle with sides 7 cm, 24 cm and 25 cm is an acute-angle, right-triangle or obtuse-angle triangle.
Say the triangle is with sides a, b and c. Out of this c is the longest side.
Step 1: In the given dimensions, assume a = 7, b = 24 and c = 25 cm
Step 2: a2 + b2 = 72 + 242 = 49 + 576 = 625
Step 3: Given, c = 25 i.e. c2 = 252 = 625.
Step 4: 625 = 625 i.e. -> c2 = a2 + b2, and so the triangle is a right triangle.
  
The video above will explain more in detail about Pythagorean Theorem Converse, and how to apply the concepts in solving real-world problems. This is explained with the help of several examples and done watching video. This helps you to deal with solving problems and help doing the Geometry home work.
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