Spanish : Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns - Explanation 
This is a free lesson from our course in Spanish
This lesson explains Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns. Basically demonstrative adjectives are used to show the distance relationship, near or far, from the speaker in relation with other people. You'll have an instructor who will explain in detail in the below video. (More text below video...)
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Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns - Presentation
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns - Practice Intro
(Continued from above)
Small part of the explanation from video:
English: The Demonstrative Adjectives
Spanish: Los Adjetivos Demostrativos
English: The demonstrative adjectives are used to show the distance relationship, near or far, from the speaker in relation with other people.
Spanish: Los adjetivos demostrativos se usan para señalar la relación de distancia, cerca o lejos, de quien habla con respecto a otras personas.
English: Look at the following example:
Spanish: Mira el siguiente ejemplo:
English: “This is a small book”. The demonstrative adjective is “este” and is used to point out that the book is close to the speaker.
Spanish: “Este libro es pequeño.” El adjetivo demostrativo es “este” y se usa para indicar que el libro está cerca de quien habla.
English: Look at another example:
Spanish: Mira otro ejemplo:
English: “Those houses are comfortable”. The demonstrative adjective is “esas” and it’s used to point out that the houses are far or at a certain distance from the speaker.
Spanish: “Esas casas son cómodas.” El adjetivo demostrativo es “esas” y se usa para indicar que las casas están lejos o a cierta distancia de quién habla.
English: The demonstrative adjectives, like the other adjectives match in gender, masculine or feminine, and in number, singular or plural, the object they go with.
Spanish: Los adjetivos demostrativos, como los otros adjetivos, corresponden en género, masculino o femenino, y en número, singular o plural, con el objeto que acompañan.
English: Let’s see the following table of the demonstrative adjectives in singular:
Spanish: Veamos la siguiente tabla de los adjetivos demostrativos en singular:
English: Masculine, near , this
Spanish: Masculino, cerca, este
English: Feminine, near, this
Spanish: Femenino, cerca, esta
English: Masculine, far away, that or that
Spanish: Masculino, lejos, ese ó aquel
English: Feminine, far away, that or that,
Spanish: Femenino, lejos, esa ó aquella
English: And in plural…
Spanish: Y en plural…
English: Masculine, near, these
Spanish: Masculino, cerca, estos
English: Feminine, near, these
Spanish: Femenino, cerca, estas
English: Masculine, far away, those or those
Spanish: Masculino, lejos, esos ó aquellos
English: Feminine, far away, those or those
Spanish: Femenino, lejos, esas ó aquellas
English: Let’s see more examples:
Spanish: Veamos más ejemplos:
English: “This book is interesting”. The form of the demonstrative adjective is singular, masculine, and the object is close to the speaker.
Spanish: “Este libro es interesante.” La forma del adjetivo demostrativo es singular, masculino, y el objeto está cerca de quien habla.
English: “This house is big.” The form of the demonstrative is singular, feminine, near.
Spanish: “Esta casa es grande.” La forma del demostrativo es singular, femenino, cercano.
English: “That book is boring.” Singular, masculine, far away from the speaker.
Spanish: “Ese libro es aburridor.” Singular, masculino, lejos de quien habla.
English: That house. Singular, feminine, far away.
Spanish: Esa casa. Singular, femenino, lejos.
English: Let’s see some examples in plural:
Spanish: Veamos algunos ejemplos en plural:
English: These books. Plural, masculine, near.
Spanish: Estos libros. Plural, masculino, cerca.
English: These houses. Plural feminine, near.
Spanish: Estas casas. Plural, femenino, cerca.
English: Those books. Masculine, far away.
Spanish: Esos libros. Masculino, lejos.
English: Those houses. Feminine far away.
Spanish: Esas casas. Femenino, lejos.
English: Those books. Plural, masculine, far away.
Spanish: Aquellos libros. Plural, masculino, lejos.
English: Those houses. Plural, feminine, far away.
Spanish: Aquellas casas. Plural, femenino, lejos.
English: It’s possible that the demonstratives are not before a noun but instead of the noun. In this case they are called pronouns, demonstrative pronouns. They work exactly the same as the demonstrative adjectives, except they have a stress mark.
Spanish: Es posible que los demostrativos no estén antes de un sustantivo sino en lugar de un sustantivo. En este caso se llaman pronombres, pronombres demostrativos. Funcionan exactamente igual que los adjetivos demostrativos, excepto que llevan tilde.
English: Masculine, near: this, these
Spanish: Masculino, cerca: éste, éstos
English: Feminine, near: this, these
Spanish: Femenino, cerca: ésta, éstas
English: Masculine, far: that, those, that, those
Spanish: Masculino, lejos: ése, ésos, aquél, aquéllos
English: Feminine, far: that, those, that, those
Spanish: Femenino, lejos: ésa, ésas, aquélla, aquéllas
English: Let’s see the following examples:
Spanish: Veamos los siguientes ejemplos:
English: Which car is smaller?
Spanish: ¿Qué coche es más pequeño?
English: That one is smaller.
Spanish: Ése es más pequeño.
English: What shirts do you prefer these ones or those ones?
Spanish: ¿Cuáles camisas prefieres, éstas o aquéllas?
English: I prefer these ones.
Spanish: Prefiero éstas.
English: There is as well a neutral form, with no gender, of the demonstrative pronoun, and it refers to non specific situations, ideas or things. this, that, that.
Spanish: Existe también una forma neutral, sin género, del pronombre demostrativo y se refiere a situaciones, ideas o cosas inespecíficas: esto, eso, aquello.
English: Let’s see these examples:
Spanish: Veamos estos ejemplos:
English: What’s that? I don’t know what that is.
Spanish: ¿Qué es eso? No sé qué es eso.
English: How much is this?
Spanish: ¿Cuánto cuesta esto?
English: Can I see that?
Spanish: ¿Puedo ver aquello?
English: Very well! Let’s go to the practice section.
Spanish: ¡Muy bien! vamos a la práctica.
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