Spanish: Present Tense of The Verb "ESTAR" - Explanation
This is a free lesson from our course in Spanish
This lesson explains present tense of the verb "ESTAR". You'll have an instructor who will explain in detail with examples. (More text below video...)
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Present Tense of Verb "estar" - Presentation
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(Continued from above)
Small part of the explanation from video:
English: One of the most used verbs in Spanish is the verb “to be”. It’s an irregular verb and its conjugation in present tense is:
Spanish: Uno de los verbos más usados en el español es el verbo “estar”. Es un verbo irregular y su conjugación en presente es:
English: I am, you are, you are, he is, she is, we are, you are, you are, they are, they are.
Spanish: Yo estoy, tú estás, usted está, él está, ella está, nosotros estamos, vosotros estáis, ustedes están, ellos están, ellas están.
English: Notice that the third person is equal in the case of “usted”, “él”, “ella”, and the same case occur with the equivalent forms of the plural “ustedes, ellos, ellas”.
Spanish: Nota que la tercera persona es igual en el caso de “usted”, “él”, “ella”, y el mismo caso ocurre en las formas equivalentes del plural “ustedes, ellos, ellas”.
English: When do we use the verb “to be”?
Spanish: ¿Cuándo usamos el verbo “estar”?
English: In general, we use “to be” to indicate the physical location of someone or something.
Spanish: En general, usamos “estar” para indicar la situación física de alguien o algo:
English: My parents are in Puerto Rico.
Spanish: Mis padres están en Puerto Rico.
English: Where is Madrid?
Spanish: ¿Dónde está Madrid?
English: It is in Spain.
Spanish: Está en España.
English: We also use it to indicate some physical and emotional states, usually temporary, such as: to be happy, sad, tired, worried, glad, etc.
Spanish: Lo usamos también para indicar algunos estados físicos y anímicos usualmente temporales tales como: estar feliz, triste, cansado, preocupado, contento, etc.
English: We are happy.
Spanish: Nosotros estamos felices.
English: Maria is tired.
Spanish: María está cansada.
English: We also use “to be” to express temporary situations:
Spanish: Usamos también “estar” para referirnos a situaciones temporales:
English: The house is dirty. Usually it is clean.
Spanish: La casa está sucia. Normalmente está limpia.
English: The soup is hot.
Spanish: La sopa está caliente.
English: We also use “to be” as an auxiliary verb for the present continuous or progressive tense. For example:
Spanish: También usamos “estar” como verbo auxiliar en el tiempo presente continuo o progresivo. Por ejemplo:
English: At this moment, I am speaking Spanish.
Spanish: En este momento, yo estoy hablando español.
English: You are listening to the explanation.
Spanish: Tú estás escuchando la explicación.
English: Is it clear? Well, let’s practice a bit.
Spanish: ¿Está claro? Bueno, vamos a practicar un poco.
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