Spanish: Present Tense of The Verb "ESTAR" - Explanation
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This lesson explains present tense of the verb "ESTAR". You'll have an instructor who will explain in detail with examples. (More text below video...)
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Present Tense of Verb "estar" - Presentation
Present Tense of Verb "estar" - Practice Intro
(Continued from above)
Small part of the explanation from video:
English: One of the most used verbs in Spanish is the verb “to be”. It’s an irregular verb and its conjugation in present tense is:
Spanish: Uno de los verbos más usados en el español es el verbo “estar”. Es un verbo irregular y su conjugación en presente es:
English: I am, you are, you are, he is, she is, we are, you are, you are, they are, they are.
Spanish: Yo estoy, tú estás, usted está, él está, ella está, nosotros estamos, vosotros estáis, ustedes están, ellos están, ellas están.
English: Notice that the third person is equal in the case of “usted”, “él”, “ella”, and the same case occur with the equivalent forms of the plural “ustedes, ellos, ellas”.
Spanish: Nota que la tercera persona es igual en el caso de “usted”, “él”, “ella”, y el mismo caso ocurre en las formas equivalentes del plural “ustedes, ellos, ellas”.
English: When do we use the verb “to be”?
Spanish: ¿Cuándo usamos el verbo “estar”?
English: In general, we use “to be” to indicate the physical location of someone or something.
Spanish: En general, usamos “estar” para indicar la situación física de alguien o algo:
English: My parents are in Puerto Rico.
Spanish: Mis padres están en Puerto Rico.
English: Where is Madrid?
Spanish: ¿Dónde está Madrid?
English: It is in Spain.
Spanish: Está en España.
English: We also use it to indicate some physical and emotional states, usually temporary, such as: to be happy, sad, tired, worried, glad, etc.
Spanish: Lo usamos también para indicar algunos estados físicos y anímicos usualmente temporales tales como: estar feliz, triste, cansado, preocupado, contento, etc.
English: We are happy.
Spanish: Nosotros estamos felices.
English: Maria is tired.
Spanish: María está cansada.
English: We also use “to be” to express temporary situations:
Spanish: Usamos también “estar” para referirnos a situaciones temporales:
English: The house is dirty. Usually it is clean.
Spanish: La casa está sucia. Normalmente está limpia.
English: The soup is hot.
Spanish: La sopa está caliente.
English: We also use “to be” as an auxiliary verb for the present continuous or progressive tense. For example:
Spanish: También usamos “estar” como verbo auxiliar en el tiempo presente continuo o progresivo. Por ejemplo:
English: At this moment, I am speaking Spanish.
Spanish: En este momento, yo estoy hablando español.
English: You are listening to the explanation.
Spanish: Tú estás escuchando la explicación.
English: Is it clear? Well, let’s practice a bit.
Spanish: ¿Está claro? Bueno, vamos a practicar un poco.
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