Spanish: Uses of “ser” and “estar” - Explanation 
This is a free lesson from our course in Spanish
This lesson explains uses of “ser” and “estar”. You'll have an instructor who will explain in detail in below video.(More text below video...)
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Uses of "ser" and "estar" - Presentation
Uses of "ser" and "estar" - Practice Intro
(Continued from above)
Small part of the explanation from video:
English: In English, one verb are two verbs in Spanish; the verb ‘to be’ is ‘ser’ or ‘estar’.
Spanish: En inglés, un sólo verbo, son dos verbos en español; el verbo ‘to be’ es ‘ser’ y ‘estar’.
English: Let’s remember the conjugation of verb ‘to be’: I am, you are, he is, we are, you are, they are and the conjugation of verb ‘estar’: I am, you are, he is, we are, you are, they are.
Spanish: Recordemos la conjugación del verbo ‘ser’: soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son, y recordemos la conjugación del verbo ‘estar’: estoy, estás, está, estamos estáis, están.
English: Pay attention to the uses of verb ‘ser’:
Spanish: Pon atención a los usos del verbo ‘ser’:
English: We use the verb ‘ser’ to identify people or things:
I am Luis
It is a house
Spanish: Usamos el verbo ‘ser’ para identificar a personas o cosas:
Soy Luis
Es una casa
English: To say the profession or occupation:
Karla is a lawyer
Julian is a singer
Spanish: Para decir la profesión u ocupación:
Karla es abogada
Julián es cantante
English: To express nationality or origin of something or someone:
My car is Japanese.
María is italian
Spanish: Para expresar la nacionalidad o el origen de algo o alguien:
Mi coche es japonés.
María es italiana
English: To indicate relationship:
Carlos and María are friends.
Julián and Sofía are father and daughter.
Spanish: Para indicar relación o parentesco:
Carlos y María son amigos.
Julián y Sofía son padre e hija.
English: To express qualities or intrinsic characteristics:
Juan is tall and artistic.
Spanish: Para expresar cualidades o características intrínsecas:
Juan es alto y artístico.
English: To indicate the date, the time, the day:
What time is it? it’s three ten.
What day is it today? it’s Tuesday.
Spanish: Para indicar la fecha, la hora , el día:
¿Qué hora es? Son las tres y diez.
¿Qué día es hoy? Hoy es martes.
English: To say the place or moment of an event:
The concert is in London.
The party is all night long.
Spanish: Para decir el lugar o el momento de un evento:
El concierto es en Londres.
La fiesta es toda la noche
English: To indicate the matter of which something is made:
The table is made of wood.
The bottle is made of glass.
Spanish: Para indicar la materia de que algo está hecho:
La mesa es de madera.
La botella es de vidrio
English: To indicate possession of something or someone:
The car is Juan’s.
The girl is my neighbor’s daughter.
Spanish: Para indicar posesión de algo o alguien:
El coche es de Juan.
La niña es la hija de mi vecina.
English: When do we use the verb ‘estar’?
Spanish: ¿Cuándo usamos el verbo ‘estar’?
English: We use the verb ‘estar’ to indicate the physical position of someone or something:
My house is in New York.
Now, I am in my office.
Barcelona is in Spain.
Spanish: Usamos el verbo ‘estar’ para indicar la situación física de alguien o algo:
Mi casa está en Nueva York.
Ahora, estoy en mi oficina.
Barcelona está en España.
English: To indicate temporary physical states or states of mind:
The children are tired.
María is happy.
The house is clean today.
Spanish: Para indicar estados físicos o anímicos temporales:
Los niños están cansados.
Maria está feliz.
La casa está limpia hoy.
English: As an auxiliary of the present continuous or present progressive tense:
I am explaining the use of two verbs.
You are learning a lot of Spanish.
Spanish: Como auxiliar del tiempo presente continuo o progresivo:
Estoy explicando el uso de dos verbos.
Tú estás aprendiendo mucho español.
English: Now let’s practice to make sure that we are experts in using ‘ser ’and ‘estar’
Spanish: Ahora vamos a practicar para estar seguros que somos expertos en el uso de ‘ser’ y ‘estar’.
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