This is a free lesson from our course in Trigonometry
In this lesson you'll learn with the help of several examples, how to solve right triangles. To solve a triangle means to know all three
sides and three angles. When you know the ratios of the sides, you use the method of similar figures
i.e. the method to use when solving an isosceles right triangle or a 306090 triangle. When
you do not know the ratio numbers, then you must use the ratios.
You'll use here the concept those are previously learnt i.e.
Pythagorean Theorem and properties of sines, cosines, and tangents. For example: find the missing sides
of a triangle using the Pythagorean Theorem i.e. a^{2}
+ b^{2} = c^{2} where, a and b
are two legs of a right triangle and c is its hypotenuse.
(More text below video...)
(Continued from above)
To find the missing angle of the triangle, you
may use the anglesum theorem (which states that three angles of a triangle
add up to 180). Also
for solving a right triangle, trigonometric ratios can be used, be it a sine, cosine,
or tangent ratio which will depend on which side and angle(s) are given. The lower
case letters represents the side lengths and the upper case letters represent angle
measures.
For example: to solve right triangle with b = 5 and c = 8, we
may use the Pythagorean Theorem i.e. a^{2} + b^{2}
= c^{2} to get value of a, which comes to a =
6.2. Then angle B can be determined by using the trigonometric ratio expressed
by:
sin B = opposite/hypotenuse
= 5/8
that gives value of B = 39.
Then use the anglesum theorem to determine remaining angle A, which comes
to 51.
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